Computer fundamentals Questions

Computer fundamentals Questions

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1)UNIVAC is

a. Universal Automatic Computer

b. Universal Array Computer

c. Unique Automatic Computer

d. Unvalued Automatic Computer


2. CD-ROM stands for

a. Compactable Read Only Memory

b. Compact Data Read Only Memory

c. Compactable Disk Read Only Memory

d. Compact Disk Read Only Memory


3. ALU is

a. Arithmetic Logic Unit
b. Array Logic Unit
c. Application Logic Unit
d. None of above

4. VGA is

a. Video Graphics Array
b. Visual Graphics Array
c. Volatile Graphics Array
d. Video Graphics Adapter

5. IBM 1401 is

a. First Generation Computer
b. Second Generation Computer
c. Third Generation Computer
d. Fourth Generation Computer

6. MSI stands for

a. Medium Scale Integrated Circuits
b. Medium System Integrated Circuits
c. Medium Scale Intelligent Circuit
d. Medium System Intelligent Circuit

7. The capacity of 3.5 inch floppy disk is

a. 1.40 MB
b. 1.44 GB
c. 1.40 GB
d. 1.44 MB

8. The first computer introduced in Nepal was

a. IBM 1400
b. IBM 1401
c. IBM 1402
d. IBM1402

9. WAN stands for

a. Wap Area Network
b. Wide Area Network
c. Wide Array Net
d. Wireless Area Network

10. MICR stands for

a. Magnetic Ink Character Reader
b. Magnetic Ink Code Reader
c. Magnetic Ink Cases Reader
d. None

11)EBCDIC stands for

a. Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code

b. Extended Bit Code Decimal Interchange Code

c. Extended Bit Case Decimal Interchange Code

d. Extended Binary Case Decimal Interchange Code


12. BCD is

a. Binary Coded Decimal

b. Bit Coded Decimal

c. Binary Coded Digit

d. Bit Coded Digit


13. ASCII stands for

a. American Stable Code for International Interchange

b. American Standard Case for Institutional Interchange

c. American Standard Code for Information Interchange

d. American Standard Code for Interchange Information


14. Which of the following is first generation of computer

a. EDSAC

b. IBM-1401

c. CDC-1604

d. ICL-2900


15. Chief component of first generation computer was

a. Transistors

b. Vacuum Tubes and Valves

c. Integrated Circuits

d. None of above


16. FORTRAN is

a. File Translation

b. Format Translation

c. Formula Translation

d. Floppy Translation


17. EEPROM stand for a. Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory b. Easily Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory c. Electronic Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory d. None of the above


18. Second Generation computers were developed during a. 1949 to 1955 b. 1956 to 1965 c. 1965 to 1970 d. 1970 to 1990


19. The computer size was very large in a. First Generation b. Second Generation c. Third Generation d. Fourth Generation


20. Microprocessors as switching devices are for which generation computers a. First Generation b. Second Generation c. Third Generation d. Fourth Generation

21. Which of the following devices can be sued to directly image printed text?

a. OCR

b. OMR

c. MICR

d. All of above


22. The output quality of a printer is measured by

a. Dot per inch

b. Dot per sq. inch

c. Dots printed per unit time

d. All of above


23. In analog computer

a. Input is first converted to digital form

b. Input is never converted to digital form

c. Output is displayed in digital form

d. All of above


24. In latest generation computers, the instructions are executed

a. Parallel only

b. Sequentially only

c. Both sequentially and parallel

d. All of above


25. Who designed the first electronics computer – ENIAC?

a. Van-Neumann

b. Joseph M. Jacquard

c. J. Presper Eckert and John W Mauchly

d. All of above


26. Who invented the high level language c?

a. Dennis M. Ritchie

b. Niklaus Writh

c. Seymour Papert

d. Donald Kunth


27. Personnel who design, program, operate and maintain computer equipment refers to

a. Console-operator

b. Programmer

c. Peopleware

d. System Analyst


28. When did arch rivals IBM and Apple Computers Inc. decide to join hands?

a. 1978

b. 1984

c. 1990

d. 1991


29. Human beings are referred to as Homosapinens, which device is called Sillico Sapiens?

a. Monitor

b. Hardware

c. Robot

d. Computer


30. An error in software or hardware is called a bug. What is the alternative computer jargon for it?

a. Leech

b. Squid

c. Slug

d. Glitch


31. Modern Computer are very reliable but they are not

a. Fast

b. Powerful

c. Infallible

d. Cheap


32. What is the name of the display feature that highlights are of the screen which requires operator attention?

a. Pixel

b. Reverse video

c. Touch screen

d. Cursor


33. IMB launched its first personal computer called IBM-PC in 1981. It had chips from Intel, disk drives from Tandon, operating system from Microsoft, the printer from Epson and the application software from everywhere. Can you name the country which contributed the video display?

a. India

b. China

c. Germany

d. Taiwan


34. Personal computers use a number of chips mounted on a main circuit board. What is the common name for such boards?

a. Daughter board

b. Motherboard

c. Father board

d. Breadboard


35. In most IBM PCs, the CPU, the device drives, memory expansion slots and active components are mounted on a single board. What is the name of this board?

a. Motherboard

b. Breadboard

c. Daughter board

d. Grandmother board


36. What is meant by a dedicated computer?

a. Which is used by one person only

b. Which is assigned one and only one task

c. Which uses one kind of software

d. Which is meant for application software


37. The system unit of a personal computer typically contains all of the following except:

a. Microprocessor

b. Disk controller

c. Serial interface

d. Modem


38. A computer program that converts an entire program into machine language is called a/an

a. Interpreter

b. Simulator

c. Compiler

d. Commander


39. A computer program that translates one program instructions at a time into machine language is called a/an

a. Interpreter

b. CPU

c. Compiler

d. Simulator


40. A small or intelligent device is so called because it contains within it a

a. Computer

b. Microcomputer

c. Programmable

d. Sensor

 

 

41)The ALU of a computer responds to the commands coming from

a. Primary memory

b. Control section

c. External memory

d. Cache memory


42. The act of retrieving existing data from memory is called

a. Read-out

b. Read from

c. Read

d. All of above


43. All modern computer operate on

a. Information

b. Floppies

c. Data

d. Word


44. Instructions and memory address are represented by

a. Character code

b. Binary codes

c. Binary word

d. Parity bit


45. Which of the following code used in present day computing was developed by IBM Corporation?

a. ASCII

b. Hollerith Code

c. Baudot Code

d. EBCDIC Code


46. What is the latest write-once optical storage media?

a. Digital paper

b. Magneto-optical disk

c. WORM disk

d. CD-ROM disk


47. The most important advantage of a video disk is

a. Compactness

b. Potential capacity

c. Durability

d. Cost effectiveness


48. What is the number of read-write heads in the drive for a 9-trac magnetic tape?

a. 9

b. 16

c. 18

d. 27


49. Before a disk drive can access any sector record, a computer program has to provide the record’s disk address. What information does this address specify?

a. Track number

b. Sector number

c. Surface number

d. All of above


50. As compared to diskettes, the hard disks are

a. More expensive

b. More portable

c. Less rigid

d. Slowly accessed


51. Floppy disks which are made from flexible plastic material are also called?

a. Hard disks

b. High-density disks

c. Diskettes

d. Templates


52. Regarding a VDU, Which statement is more correct?

a. It is an output device

b. It is an input device

c. It is a peripheral device

d. It is hardware item


53. What is the name of the computer terminal which gives paper printout?

a. Display screen

b. Soft copy terminal

c. Hard copy terminal

d. Plotter


54. Dot-matrix is a type of

a. Tape

e. Printer

f. Disk

g. Bus


55. The two kinds of main memory are:

a. Primary and secondary

b. Random and sequential

c. ROM and RAM

d. All of above


56. A kind of serial dot-matrix printer that forms characters with magnetically-charged ink sprayed dots is called

a. Laser printer

b. Ink-jet printer

c. Drum printer

d. Chan printer


57. Which printer is very commonly used for desktop publishing?

a. Laser printer

b. Inkjet printer

c. Daisywheel printer

d. Dot matrix printer


58. An output device that uses words or messages recorded on a magnetic medium to produce audio response is

b. Magnetic tape

c. Voice response unit

d. Voice recognition unit

e. Voice band


59. Which of the following will happen when data is entered into a memory location?

a. It will add to the content of the location

b. It will change the address of the memory location

c. It will erase the previous content

d. It will not be fruitful if there is already some data at the location


60. A storage area used to store data to a compensate for the difference in speed at which the different units can handle data is

a. Memory

b. Buffer

c. Accumulator

d. Address

.61.To locate a data item for storage is

a. Field

b. Feed

c. Database

d. Fetch


62. programs designed to perform specific tasks is known as

a. system software

b. application software

c. utility programs

d. operating system


63. perforated paper used as input of output media is known as

a. paper tapes

b. magnetic tape

c. punched papers tape

d. card punch


64. Time during which a job is processed by the computer is

a. Delay times

b. Real time

c. Execution time

d. Down time


65. a computer which CPU speed around 100 million instruction per second and with the word length of around 64 bits is known as

a. Super computer

b. Mini computer

c. Micro computer

d. Macro computer


66. An approach that permits the computer to work on several programs instead of one is

a. On-line thesaurus

b. Multiprogramming

c. Over lapped processing

d. Outline processor


67. A directly accessible appointment calendar is feature of a … resident package

a. CPU

b. Memory

c. Buffer

d. ALU


68. The term gigabyte refers to

a. 1024 bytes

b. 1024 kilobytes

c. 1024 megabytes

d. 1024 gigabyte


69. Which of the following processors use RISC technology?

a. 486dx

b. Power PC

c. 486sx

d. 6340


70. A/n …. Device is any device that provides information, which is sent to the CPU

a. Input

b. Output

c. CPU

d. Memory


71. Current SIMMs have either … or … connectors (pins)

a. 9 or 32

b. 30 or 70

c. 28 or 72

d. 30 or 72


72. The storage subsystem in a microcomputer consists mainly of … or … media with varying capacities

a. Memory or video

b. Magnetic or optical

c. Optical or memory

d. Video or magnetic


73. Which of the following is not an input device?

a. OCR

b. Optical scanners

c. Voice recognition device

d. COM (Computer Output to Microfilm)


74. The central processing unit (CPU) consists of

a. Input, output and processing

b. Control unit, primary storage, and secondary storage

c. Control unit, arithmetic-logic unit and primary storage

d. Control unit, processing, and primary storage


75. EBCDIC can code up to how many different characters?

a. 256

b. 16

c. 32

d. 64


76. Which is considered a direct entry input device?

a. Optical scanner

b. Mouse and digitizer

c. Light pen

d. All of the above


77. Which is used for manufacturing chips?

a. Bus

b. Control unit

c. Semiconductors

d. A and b only


78. The computer code for the interchange of information between terminals is

a. ASCII

b. BCD

c. EBCDIC

d. All of above


79. A byte consists of

a. One bit

b. Four bits

c. Eight bits

d. Sixteen bits


80. A hybrid computer

a. Resembles digital computer

b. Resembles analog computer

c. Resembles both a digital and analog computer

d. None of the above

81. The silicon chips used for data processing are called

a. RAM chips

b. ROM chips

c. Micro processors

d. PROM chips


82. The metal disks, which are permanently housed in, sealed and contamination free containers are called

a. Hard disks

b. Floppy disk

c. Winchester disk

d. Flexible disk


83. A computer consists of

a. A central processing unit

b. A memory

c. Input and output unit

d. All of the above


84. An application program that helps the user to change any number and immediately see the result of that change is

a. Desktop publishing program

b. Database

c. Spreadsheet

d. All of above


85. The instructions for starting the computer are house on

a. Random access memory

b. CD-Rom

c. Read only memory chip

d. All of above


86. The ALU of a computer normally contains a number of high speed storage element called

a. Semiconductor memory

b. Registers

c. Hard disks

d. Magnetic disk


87. a factor which would strongly influence a business person to adopt a computer is its

a. Accuracy

b. Reliability

c. Speed

d. All of above


88. The magnetic storage chip used to provide non-volatile direct access storage of data and that have no moving parts are known as

a. Magnetic core memory

b. Magnetic tape memory

c. Magnetic disk memory

d. Magnetic bubble memory


89. CAD stands for

a. Computer aided design

b. Computer algorithm for design

c. Computer application in design

d. All of the above


80. RATS stand for

a. Regression Analysis Time Series

b. Regression Analysis Time Sharing

c. Real Analysis Series

d. All of above


91. In which year was chip used inside the computer for the first time?

a. 1964

b. 1975

c. 1999

d. 1944


92. What was the name of the first commercially available microprocessor chip?

a. Intel 308

b. Intel 33

c. Intel 4004

d. Motorola 639


93. When were the first minicomputer built?

a. 1965

b. 1962

c. 1971

d. 1966


94. The first digital computer built with IC chips was known as

e. IBM 7090

f. Apple – 1

g. IBM System / 360

h. VAX-10


95. In which language is source program written?

a. English

b. Symbolic

c. High level

d. Temporary


96. Which of the following terms is the most closely related to main memory?

a. Non volatile

b. Permanent

c. Control unit

d. Temporary


97. Which of the following is used for manufacturing chips?

a. Control bus

b. Control unit

c. Parity unit

d. Semiconductor


98. Which of the following is required when more than one person uses a central computer at the same time?

a. Terminal

b. Light pen

c. Digitizer

d. Mouse


99. Which of the following is used only for data entry and storage, and never for processing?

a. Mouse

b. Dumb terminal

c. Micro computer

d. Dedicated data entry system


100. To produce high quality graphics (hardcopy) in color, you would want to use a/n

a. RGB monitor

b. Plotter

c. Ink-jet printer

d. Laser printer

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