Principles of Span of Control/Supervision
Narrow Span of Control | Wide Span of Control
Principles of Management
According to this principle, span of control is a span of supervision which depicts the number of employees that can be handled and controlled effectively by a single manager. According to this principle, a manager should be able to handle what number of employees under him should be decided. This decision can be taken by choosing either froma wide or narrow span. There are two types of span of control:
1. Wide span of control:
According to this span, one manager can effectively and efficiently handle a large number of subordinates at one time.It is one in which a manager can supervise and control effectively a large group of persons at one time. The features of this span are:
- Less overhead cost of supervision
- Prompt response from the employees
- Better communication
- Better supervision
- Better co-ordination
- Suitable for repetitive jobs
2. Narrow span of control:
According to this span, the work and authority is divided amongst many subordinates and a manager doesn’t supervises and control a very big group of people under him. The manager according to a narrow span supervises a selected number of employees at one time. The features are:
- Work which requires tight control and supervision, for example, handicrafts, ivory work, etc. which requires craftsmanship, there narrow span is more helpful.
- Co-ordination is difficult to be achieved.
- Communication gaps can come.
- Messages can be distorted.
- Specialization work can be achieved.