Technical Communication have been evolved in the West to ancient Greece and Rome as well as to Sumaria, and ancient Egypt.Technical communication was firstly handed orally which contained descriptions of scientific and astronomical observations.During the Renaissance period(1400-1600 AD) ,Copernicus, Geoffrey Chaucer ,Leonardo da Vinci and Newtopn wrote technical details and drawings on the use and operations of their various details and drawings on the use and operation of their various inventions.Traditionally technical writing began in professions such as engineering and construction.
Samuel Chandler Earle is known as father of Technical Communication as he wrote the book “The Theory and Practice of Technical Writing(1911)“.Technical Communication gained momentum in modern days since first world war (1914-1918) because the western governments spent large amounts of money to write manuals and instructions on the use of weapons and defense products.Following the war,large telecom and car manufacturers and other companies created technical communication departmentswithin their organizations.The first computer-related technical manual appeared in 1949. It was written by Joseph D. Chapline. A year later,he also wrote Technical Writing,a brief pamphlet.In 1953, as a sign of field becoming more mature technical communicators in the US came together to form professional Associations.
Technical Communication gained further pace with the growth and expansions of industries, particularly electronics and computers,as various legislations made it compulsory for organizations to produce certain technical documents as part of ensuring standards to meet public obligations.Today the field has expanded and technical communication is used in an edge in hardware,software and e-commerce. Experts have estimatedthat India has possibly the largest number of technical writers outside North America.
In ,Nepal due to the steady growth of technology,companies ,the proliferation of websites,the expansion of telecommunication companies,the gradual consolidation of the private sector and non-government Organizations(NGOs) ,and above all ,modernization of various professions have widened the scope for technical communication.Since the country like Nepal is semi-literate, multi-lingual country,the need to explain technical information ,or to translate them in local dialects cannot be emphasized enough.
We cannot note that historically technical communication was not entirely non-existent in our culture.Examples or traces of technical communication practices can be gleaned from scriptures ,oral traditions and more recently from social histories.Ayurved,the medical treatise,from more than 5000 years ago,is full of instructional technical information on healing practices.Manusmriti, the Law of Manu ,looks equally technical,so do many other ancient scriptures.During our golden age,Arniko ,the master constructor must have written or at least sketched out some technical documents on buildingpagodas and chaityas. In villages across the countries,lekhandas ,for many generations, helped crack legalese for the masses .Jyotishis,the astrologers,assumed the role of custodians of obscure technical scrolls.Vaidhyas,the traditional healers too have maintained a form of health prescription.One example of non-technical literature that attempts some technical communication comes from a generation ago.Shikar Nath Subedi’s Shikharnath Bhasya,written in a narrative folk verse is popular among many rural households.